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    Novel AI-based algorithms on well-known physics can speed up technology

    Photo from Science in HD via Unsplash Materials found in nature are not always useful for engineering purposes as they are, but scientists can modify them to bestow useful properties. For example, in communication technology, scientists alter the size, shape, and orientation of materials to change their interaction with light or electromagnetic waves of different...

    • 14 hrs ago
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    New technology could reduce delayed diagnosis and help differentiate malaria parasite species for effective treatment

    Photo by Syed Ali Malaria is one of the deadliest diseases to affect humankind, killing more than 4 lakh people worldwide in 2019. Transmitted by the female Anopheles mosquitoes, it is caused by various species of microscopic parasites called Plasmodium. Among them, malaria due to two species, Plasmodium vivax and, especially,...

    • 2 days ago
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    Mathematics answers the biological question of which proteins participate in the mutation of bacteria

    Researchers have identified proteins behind bacterial mutation, paving the way for a sustainable treatment to bacterial diseases. While several beneficial bacteria live in our guts, some cause deadly diseases like cholera, leprosy, or tuberculosis. Although antibiotics work against such bacteria, there is a reasonable chance that the treatment...

    • 3 days ago
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    Understanding the regimented design of the human proteome

    Photo by National Cancer Institute The genome - the entire set of twirly helical DNA - carries the code for life in the genes. The genes dictate how an organism exhibits different traits and characteristics. However, genes alone do not provide us with all the information regarding the body's diseases and disorders. The next level in decoding the genome is in analysing the proteome,...

    • 6 days ago
  • Technology

    A new approach to film atoms and molecules vibrating inside solids

    [Image by Pexels from Pixabay] Atoms or molecules constitute everything around us. In many solids, like common salt or iron, they are neatly arranged as repeated structures, called 'crystal lattices'. The behaviour of a solid in response to any external factor, like applied force, is determined by the collective behaviour of the lattice, not individual atoms or...

    • a week ago
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    Tapping genes to make chickpeas resistant to droughts

    Chickpea pods [Image Credits: Wikimedia Commons] The lip-smacking channa chat or the chole masala has a quintessential ingredient-the humble chickpea or Bengal gram. This pulse, believed to have originated in Turkey, is a rich source of protein and dietary fibre. The crop takes just three to four months from sowing to be ready for harvest and prefers a cool climate with low rainfall. Today,...

    • a week ago
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    Fertilisers, livestock and biomass burning are spewing ammonia into the air across India

    [Image by Pete Linforth from Pixabay] Ammonia, a gas containing nitrogen molecules, is usually found in trace quantities in the atmosphere and plays a vital role in biochemical processes. When plants die, or animals excrete, the nitrogenous compounds in these residues get converted into ammonia. In the presence of specific soil bacteria, some ammonia gets...

    • a week ago
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    Efficiently cooling down systems that generate heat

    Photo by Kaspars Eglitis With the growing need for enhanced performance and faster speeds of aeroplanes, the operating temperatures of their combustion engines are rising. Inside, the blades of the gas turbine that powers the aircraft have reached their limit in withstanding the heat. There is a need for improved cooling systems to take away this heat and keep the blades functioning for...

    • 2 weeks ago
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    A proposed dam in Arunachal Pradesh threatens Black-necked Cranes' habitat

    Black-necked cranes in Ladakh [Image credits: Dibyendu Ash, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons] One of the only fifteen crane species in the world, the Black-necked Crane is now classified a Vulnerable species on the IUCN Red List. This enormous bird lives in the high-altitude Himalayas of India, China, and Bhutan. Every year, these cranes move to lower altitudes of...

    • 2 weeks ago
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    A microscopic understanding of materials can widen the scope of their applications

    [Photo by Basile Ugnon-Coussioz via Unsplash] Honeycombs have fascinated humans for over two centuries. Greek mathematician Pappus of Alexandria (290-350 CE) proposed that a hexagonal grid or honeycomb is the best way to divide a surface into regions of equal area with the least total perimeter, which suggests a way to build the widest structure with the least...

    • 2 weeks ago

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