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    Towards safer roads

    Photo by Akshay Nanavati on Unsplash India witnesses the most road crash-related fatalities in the world. Around 29 children die every day in road accidents and about 1.5 lakh road crash-related deaths occur every year. Rash driving, bad road infrastructure and weak traffic law enforcement have been the major factors contributing to road accidents. Moreover, Indian automobiles lack the Advanced Driver Assist Systems (ADAS)...

    • 16 hrs ago
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    Butterflies and moths look at the world differently: Blame it on evolution

    Image by Jeremy Zero via Unsplash The genetic makeup of butterflies and moths is similar. However, while most butterflies, which are a kind of moth, fly by the day, other moths are active at night. They possess different eyes that adapt to the surrounding lights, ranging from dazzling light to complete darkness. While the butterflies' eyes enhance the clarity of...

    • 2 days ago
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    Accurate estimation of manufacturing variations can improve circuit performance

    Silicon-based electronic circuits are continuously getting smaller. The Taiwanese manufacturer TSMC currently makes chips with the smallest feature of the circuit measuring just 7 nanometers, with millions of such components packed on a single chip. The process of manufacturing such ultra-dense circuits is complex. Despite world-class control, there are tiny...

    • 4 days ago
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    Giant clouds of galactic hydrogen explain mystery behind cosmic rays

    Image by NASA via Unsplash Cosmic rays live up to their name. Produced by extreme events in the distant cosmos, they travel through vast distances of space close to the speed of light before reaching the Earth. The Earth's atmosphere absorbs some, while others travel down to its surface. What the cosmic rays exactly comprise of, what astronomical events produce them, and...

    • 2 weeks ago
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    Reliable and real-time measurements of magnetic fields

    Digital signals are the backbone of communication systems. The signals, a combination of zeroes and ones, are processed by hardware systems. The hardware systems transmit and receive the signals with the help of intermediate systems, which scientists called 'digital receiver systems' or DRS. These digital receivers systems can perform various functions on the signals, like...

    • 2 weeks ago
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    A holistic approach to biodiversity conservation

    In the last few decades, governments and people across the world have made efforts to conserve biodiversity. To this effect, in India, according to the Wild Life Protection Act 1972, national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, conservation reserves, and community reserves are earmarked as 'protected areas'. A 2006 estimate by the Ministry of Environment and Forests put the number of Indian...

    • 4 weeks ago
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    Simulations show why anomalies exist in uranium

    Uranium is a naturally occurring radioactive element, as its nucleus decays into nuclei of lighter elements. In the process, it emits what scientists call the 'alpha particle', the nucleus of a helium atom. Scientists have successfully designed methods for using its radioactivity to generate nuclear power, which can solve the world's energy demands. However, the electronic and...

    • a month ago
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    Researchers have explained how the electronic and thermal properties of uranium are linked

    Uranium is a naturally occurring radioactive element, as its nucleus decays into nuclei of lighter elements. In the process, it emits what scientists call the 'alpha particle', the nucleus of a helium atom. Scientists have successfully designed methods for using its radioactivity to generate nuclear power, which can solve the world's energy...

    • a month ago
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    Studying human-wildlife interactions: Why we need to look beyond conflict

    Photo by Rupeshsarkar via Wikimedia Commons Every year, several Mugger crocodile attacks are reported in Gujarat, claiming several human lives. But its districts have caught media attention, not because of the attacks but due to the positive relationship between the locals and the crocodiles. Communities are known to protect the mugger crocodiles actively and even build...

    • a month ago
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    How fluids react to surfaces coated with repelling paint

    Photo by Yuvraj Singh via Unsplash Fluids are objects that flow, including liquids and gases. Physicists have long studied their motion using the tools of mathematics. Sometimes, fluid motion appears to be predictable, sometimes they are entirely chaotic, defying any mathematical description. Turbulence, or the chaotic motion of fluids, affects seemingly disparate things like air trave l...

    • 2 months ago

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